lookism美或丑

更新时间:2012-04-18 16:07:26    来源:速学网    阅读:1528次

据说这几年每到毕业生求职的季节,美容院的生意都出奇地好。天生丽质似乎已经成了一个隐性的优势,随之而来的可能就是好工作、好生活、好前途。虽然大家都说不会以貌取人,可有几个真正能做到呢?Lookism其实已经存在很久很久了,只是我们已经对它太习以为常了,以至于都没有人愿意花时间去研究它。

外貌主义 lookism

 

Lookism is discrimination against or prejudice towards others based on their appearance. The term is not in widespread use, though it appears in major English language dictionaries.

外貌主义指根据外貌对别人产生歧视或偏见。虽然这个说法在主要的英语字典中都有收录,但并未得到广泛应用。

For example:

Lookism, or judging people on their physical looks, is a rampant problem in the workplace and indeed everywhere we go.

外貌主义,或以貌取人,是在职场和我们能到的任何地方都很猖獗的一个问题。

Lookism has received scholarly attention both from a cultural studies and an economics perspective. In the former context, lookism relates to preconceived notions of beauty and cultural stereotyping based on appearance as well as gender roles and expectations. Important economic considerations include the question of income gaps based on looks, as well increased or decreased productivity from workers considered beautiful or ugly by their co-workers.

外貌主义已经在文化研究和经济学领域引起学术性关注。在文化研究领域,外貌主义与“美丽”固有的概念和根据外貌而形成的文化传统,以及性别角色和期待等都有关联。经济方面关于外貌主义比较重要的问题有:外貌导致的收入差距问题,还有因为被同事评价为“美”或“丑”而导致员工生产力提高或下降的现象。


(中国日报网英语点津 Helen 编辑)

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